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image: battery test

ECE Regulation No. 100 Annex 8E Fire Resistance Test

image: Coulomb Crusher

SwRI’s "Coulomb Crusher" can accept packs over 2.5 meters and provides crush force in excess of 2,000 kN (450,000 lbs) for SAE J2464 & J2929 testing.

image: blast chambers

SwRI utilizes blast chambers for high risk pack and module testing vented to smoke abatement and toxic gas scrubber systems.

image: altitude chambers

Test facilities at SwRI simulate altitudes up to 105,000 feet (32 km).

image: Adiabatic calorimeter

Adiabatic calorimeter available for cell level thermal testing per KMVSS, SAE-J2464, SAE-J2929.

SwRI has the in-depth expertise, broad experience and extensive facilities and equipment required to address technology challenges in the development of energy storage systems (ESS), including:

  • Battery systems for electric, plug-in, and hybrid electric vehicles
  • Battery systems for grid storage, including
    • Lithium Ion
    • Advanced Lead acid
    • Flow batteries
  • Ultra capacitors
  • Battery management systems (BMS)

All development testing that could result in fire or release of harmful emissions is conducted in specialized facilities with exhaust filtration and chemical scrubbers. No harmful pollutants are released to the atmosphere.

SwRI is fully compliant with all government, industry, safety, and environmental regulations.

Test and Evaluation Services

In the field of electrochemical systems (batteries), SwRI offers a wide range of test and evaluation capabilities for cell, modules or packs including:

  • Safety and abuse testing per global standards or customized testing
    • ECE/324 R100/R2 requirements per Annex:
      • 8 – Standard cycle
      • 8A – Vibration
      • 8B – Thermal shock and cycling
      • 8C – Mechanical shock
      • 8D – Mechanical integrity (crush)
      • 8E – Fire resistance
      • 8F – External short circuit protection
      • 8G – Overcharge protection
      • 8H – Over-discharge protection
      • 8I – Over-temperature protection
    • UN38.3 for Transport of Dangerous Goods Test Procedures
      • T.1 – Altitude simulation
      • T.2 – Thermal
      • T.3 – Vibration
      • T.4 – Shock
      • T.5 – External short circuit
      • T.6 – Impact / crush
      • T.7 – Overcharge
      • T.8 – Forced discharge
    • Penetration
    • Ballistic penetration
    • Client specific procedures
  • Performance and Life
    • Characterization
    • Calendar life
    • Cycle life testing
  • Manufacturing
    • Mass variance
    • Initial internal resistance
    • Open circuit voltage after extended storage
  • Measurement of toxic emissions
  • Physical environmental testing
    • Simulated earthquake vibration
    • Ground or air transportation vibration
    • Installation and handling shock
    • Temperature, humidity, wind, sand, and rain
    • High-altitude transportation and operation
    • Airborne contamination
    • Corrosive atmosphere
    • UV exposure and solar loading

Additional Services

In addition to testing services, SwRI also conducts R&D projects for individual clients and industry specific consortia. Project topics include:

  • Battery management system development and testing
  • Large system development for grid-scale storage
  • Materials development
  • Qualification testing
  • Test protocol development
  • System integration

The Energy Storage Technology Center® (ESTC) program within SwRI is a collaborative effort of a broad range of technology experts from diverse scientific fields to support industry and government clients in the research, development and evaluation of energy storage systems.

In addition to development of energy storage devices, the ESTC offers assistance in many types of system integration, including:

  • Power grid to storage communication protocols
  • Cyber security of communication networks
  • Control systems and strategies
  • Storage system sizing using modeling and simulation

SwRI’s Energy Storage System Evaluation and Safety II (EssEs-II) consortia offer a cost effective way for companies to obtain battery data gathered from years of calendar life, cycle life and safety/abuse testing.

Related Terminology

battery abuse  •  battery emissions   •  battery performance  •  battery safety  •  cycle life  •  electrochemical storage systems  •  energy storage  •  environmental testing  •  fire testing  •  grid storage systems  •  life cycle testing  •  lithium ion  •  physical testing  •  ECE/324  •  R100/R2  •  UN38.3  •  altitude simulation  •  REESS  •  crush testing

Benefiting government, industry and the public through innovative science and technology
Southwest Research Institute® (SwRI®), headquartered in San Antonio, Texas, is a multidisciplinary, independent, nonprofit, applied engineering and physical sciences research and development organization with 9 technical divisions.